27 East Avenue, Ithaca, New York | Unmarked Location
Andrew Dickson White was the cofounder (with Ezra Cornell) of Cornell University, New York’s only land grant university and the first major American institution of higher learning not to be affiliated with any religious body. As Cornell’s first president, White erected this imposing brick mansion on a hilltop that is now deep inside the Cornell campus. White was a religious man and frequently attended Unitarian services in Ithaca. But he believed that both religion and science would be best served if kept strictly separate. His hugely influential book, A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom depicted dogmatic religion (which he called "theology") as locked in a centuries-long war against science. Perhaps inadvertently, White cemented into Victorian thought the "military metaphor" of science and religion at war.