SCHEDULED TO RE-OPEN JULY 3, 2021, SUBJECT TO COVID-19 PANDEMIC.
Agnostic orator Robert Green Ingersoll was born in this house on August 11, 1833. Though his family left Dresden when Robert was only four months old, this house remains the only one of Ingersoll’s many residences still standing and open to the public. Exhibits include an orientation video, a rich collection of Ingersoll memorabilia and literature, a period restoration of the room in which Ingersoll was born, and a local history room.
Ingersoll visited this site on September 24, 1889, accompanied by his wife Eva and his daughters Maud and Eva. The next day he delivered a free lecture at the Yates County Fair in nearby Penn Yan. It would be his only visit to the county of his birth.
Restorations. The house has been restored on three occasions. It was first restored in 1921 by a blue-ribbon committee whose members included Thomas Edison, Edgar Lee Masters, and Syracuse suffragist Harriet May Mills. It operated as a community center but closed for lack of funds in 1927. It was restored in 1954 by atheist activist Joseph Lewis and operated as a museum until the mid-1960s. Thereafter, it decayed. The structure was near collapse when it was purchased in 1986 by the Council for Secular Humanism. After raising and spending more than $250,000, the Council rehabilitated the birthplace and in 1993 opened it as a museum.
Current Redesigns. In 2014 the Museum interior was completely redesigned and updated. The T. M. Scruggs Museum Interior was designed by The Exhibition Alliance of Hamilton, New York, working with museum director Tom Flynn and volunteer construction manager Jeff Ingersoll. In 2016, Jeff Ingersoll added a new, historically accurate front porch on the main (two-story) wing of the birthplace.
Further Information. The Museum is open weekends each summer and fall. For more information, see its website. It is a co-anchor of the Freethought Trail.
An interactive online Chronology indexing more than 2500 events in Ingersoll's life, including most of his public lectures, is available here.
Robert Ingersoll’s mother, Mary Livingston Ingersoll, died on December 2, 1835, in Cazenovia, New York, when Robert was three years old. Her unmarked grave site was located in December 2015 and a period-appropriate gravestone was dedicated on Memorial Day 2016.
The Buildings and Sites. The Ingersoll birthplace was built in three sections, two of which were moved to its current site. The small, gabled wing (at left when viewing the house straight-on) was erected circa 1800 in Hopeton, a failed settlement two miles north of Dresden. Early accounts suggest that most of Hopeton's small buildings were moved down the hill by sledge during winter and added to homes already in Dresden.
The main, two-story portion of the house was built on Charles Street, south and east of the birthplace's present location. This building was erected as a parsonage by members of the congregation that hired Ingersoll's father, the Rev. John Ingersoll, and his predecessors to preach in Dresden. Volunteer labor and a reliance on used wood gave this section an informal construction style.
A rear lean-to behind the small gabled wing was constructed last. after the first two wings had been united at the birthplace's present location. It is unknown when this occurred. As a result, it is altogether possible that Robert Green Ingersoll was born at the Charles Street location, not where the Museum stands now.