Rochester (pop. approx. 210,000; metro over 1,000,000) is a city near the south shore of Lake Ontario. It is named for Nathaniel Rochester, one of three speculators who bought land around the High Falls on the Genesee River. Opening of the Erie Canal through Rochester (1823) fueled rapid growth.
Rochester had an active reform tradition. Suffragist Susan B. Anthony and the abolitionists Amy and Isaac Post lived there; antislavery campaigner Frederick Douglass spent 25 years in Rochester. Anarchist Emma Goldman spent her first years in America in Rochester. Robert Green Ingersoll and other reformers lectured in its theaters.